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Monday, August 11, 2014

Lenovo makes and excellent data backup option.

In the past I have used a Iomega Datastore to backup my data. I had purchased a used unit for under a $100 because the previous owner was unable to use it with Windows Vista.

The Iomega unit was buggy and hot and I had to default the unit many times. Eventually, the  redundant array of independent disks (Raid) array had to be reformatted, which destroyed all of the existing data.

Last week, I was unable to even connect  to Iomega Datastor on my network. It was time to buy a new unit. These units are called Network Attached Storage (NAS) because they have an Ethernet port and can be connected to a home router or cable modem.

There are many backup options in the market, some are the size or a smart phone. Many work off of a USB connection to a laptop or PC.
Lenovo IX2

Lenovo bought out Iomega and he new unit I received is called the Lenovo IX2
It has two hard drives and supports both Raid 0 and Raid 1.

 It is a big improvement form the old Iomega unit. It runs a lot cooler and the serial ATA drives are far easier to swap out. The embedded software is far more robust, too.
RAID 0
RAID 0 comprises striping (but neither parity nor mirroring). This level provides no data redundancy nor fault tolerance, but improves performance through parallelism of read and write operations across multiple drives. RAID 0 has no error detection mechanism, so the failure of one disk causes the loss of all data on the array.
RAID 1
RAID 1 comprises mirroring (without parity or striping). Data is written identically to two (or more) drives, thereby producing a "mirrored set". The read request is serviced by any of the drives containing the requested data. This can improve performance if data is read from the disk with the least seek latency and rotational latency. Conversely, write performance can be degraded because all drives must be updated; . . . the write performance is determined by the slowest drive. The array continues to operate as long as at least one drive is functioning. (Wikipedia).
The IX2 has two hard drives.

Raid 0 is great for serving media. If you want to push out You Tube or Amazon Prime videos to your TV, a RAID 0 setup is speedy. The downside is that if one drive fails, you lose all of your data. 

RAID 1 is far better for backing up data because if a drive fails, your data will be intact. When you replace the failed drive, data from the working drive will be copied to the new redundant drive. RAID 1 is slower than RAID 0, but it is a better option for data backup. It's slower because your data has to be copied to each hard drive in the RAID array.

However, the so-called personal backup devices rarely have more than one hard drive while the Lenovo IX2 has two 1.0TB SATA Hard Drives, which are easy to swap out. Raid 1 is a far safer option for your data than a personal backup unit with one drive.

With  NAS, anyone on your home network can access the unit if you give them permissions.

You can establish both users and groups through the embedded sever on the Lenovo IX2. .

If you purchase one of these units or any sort of backup device,  recommend you use it with an uninterpretable power supply (UPS). No backup device will last long with power surges, brownouts or drops.

If you shop around , you may be able to purchase a Lenovo IX2 for under $200. The units have many options including firmware upgrades and enhanced security. 

I was able to setup an administrative user and group quickly. I had no difficulty seeing the shared directories on my Linux desktop using Samba . However, initially I was unable to access any of the IX2 directories. Eventually it became clear that access permissions were needed to get to the default shared directories  Once I setup access permissions, I was able to backup my laptop to the Lenovo NAS using Linux Mint's Simple Backup Suite.



Don't forget to check Access Permissions for the data directorates

Had I used Windows, I would have been able to download the Acronis Backup Manager which is excellent backup software.

So far the only hiccup with the system is that I have to point my browser to IP address of the device with a manage directory such as:

http://192.168.1.201/manage/

You can also configure the unit to use https or SSL which is more secure.

The Lenovo IX2 has many features. The screen shot below shows about half of them.


If your files are important, you may need NAS with a RAID array,  

Can recall a story from a a local PC repair man. The business next to his store sold swimming pool supplies and equipment. The owners computer and point of sale devices were exposed to fumes from 10 per cent pool bleach (sodium hypochlorite) and muriatic acid every day. The PC man had tried to sell the pool store owner a backup system, but he had no success.

Then one day the pool store owner needed some data recovery help. His computers had all gone down and he PC repair guy indicated that all of his hard drives had been destroyed, Nothing could be recovered

It got worse. The state tax collector was scheduled to audit the swimming pool supply company the following week.

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Thursday, August 7, 2014

Extending your home network

The best way to extend a network is to add an Ethernet switch with a cable segment. You can extend Ethernet 100 meters which is about 109 yards.

You  can also use wireless repeaters or extenders.  Today, this is a wireless-to-wireless connection to the main wireless router that is connected to a cable modem.

This diagram explains this. The the laptop is in the range of the wireless router or access point. A wireless extender or repeater is used to extend the home network to a part of the home that is outside of the range of the home wireless router.

When you connect  a wireless router to an extender, there will be a loss of bandwidth. The two wireless devices can also interfere with each other.

"A better option for extending wireless coverage is to configure a secondary box as a wireless access point, with a wired connection between a LAN port on the secondary box and a LAN port on the primary box (wireless router). If Ethernet wiring is not an option, an alternative is powerline networking -- AV500 technology is inexpensive and good. Wireless extender kits consisting of a powerline adapter module (connect to the wireless router) and a wireless extender module (integrated powerline networking and wireless access point) are available." (Wikipedia). 

Rightardia has not had great luck with Ethernet over power lines. If your house takes an occasional power drop, these adapters will eventually fail.

 Ethernet Powerline adapters

Make sure you purchase and Ethernet extender or repeater that supports 802.11n. The older 802.11g extenders could not support WPA2 personal AES encryption. The preceding  is the only way that Rightardia would recommend you ever set up wireless security

The only home wireless security options that are secure are 
WPA2 personal  with AES encryption

Use at an eight digit password with some upper case letters, numbers and special  characters such as $, %, ^, or <. Better passwords are 12 -14 characters long.


In the old days, you had to have an Ethernet cable connection to extend a wireless network. Some of the new repeaters such as the Netgear WN200RPT are wireless to wireless only. These units have Ethernet ports but they are for wired connections at the distant end of the house.

You can configure the Wn200RPT with a cable connected to one of its Ethernet port by pointing your router to 192.168.1.250. However, you must have both a wireless Internet and a wired Ethernet connection up for this configuration to work.
                                 Netgear WnN2000RPT wireless repeater

An easier way to configure this device on a PC or laptop and look for a wireless
service set identifier (SSID) such as Netgear_ext in you wireless connections. Connect to it and point your browser to 192,168.250.1. You can also try the url, mywifiext.com.

Once you are connected to the repeater, the config is intuitive. You must identify the SSID on the home router's access point you need to to connect to. Recommend you use the same password on both the existing and new SSID you have just created.

The configurator  will suggest just adding _ext to the original access point's SSID. So if you existing SSID was Zucinni, you will now have an additional SSID such as Zucinni_ext.

At this point, the Netger_ext disappears because it had been overwritten and you have to connect to the new SSID you just created.

Once the wireless connection is complete, try to connect to the Internet by opening another tab on your browser.



The ports of the back of the unit are for wired Ethernet connections in the room the repeater is in


If you can connect to the Internet , the WN200RPT configurator will let you finish the config. Otherwise restart the configurator and try again. Remember this is a wireless to wireless connection. It does not connect to the main wireless router with a wired Ethernet connection. In fact, it will not work if this repeater has an Ethernet connection to the main router.

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wireless_repeater

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Monday, August 4, 2014

Why the US has a welfare system


Since 1790, the US had had about 50 recessions. Our country really didn't officially track recessions until about 1920 and we didn't start keeping accurate statistics until after World War 2. These recessions include depressions in 1807, 1815-21, the long depression of 1873-79, and the Great Depression of 1920-21.

If you take a big picture view of the US economy. the US has a recession about every 5- 7 years Most of these recessions have been caused by banking institutions. In the past the failure of railroads, life insurance companies, strikes and securities failures have led to to recessions and panics.



Our vaunted free enterprise system in the US has been sputtering along for years, firing on 6 cylinders rather than 8.



This why we have programs like unemployment insurance, food stamps and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). These programs are there as band aids to an inconsistent free enterprise system.

Of course, other systems haven't worked much better. Communism collapsed in Russia and socialism in Greece has been a failure. Libertarianism has never gotten off the ground and probably never will.

Most modern economics are a mix of free enterprise and social reforms to capitalism.

Finding the right mix of capitalism and social reform is the trick. Go too far in either direction and a recession may result. The Republicans rescinded the Glass-Stegall act with President Clinton's blessing and Hank Paulson further deregulated the big investment banks which led to the recent sub-prime mortgage crises.

"Further, the U.S. shadow banking system (i.e., non-depository financial institutions such as investment banks) had grown to rival the depository system yet was not subject to the same regulatory oversight, making it vulnerable to a bank run."

If the captains of industry were less greedy and did a better job of sharing the wealth and income, many welfare programs would not be needed. These social welfare programs are a reaction to the the failures of free enterprise. These welfare programs were not created in a vacuum. 



If free enterprise did a better job of managing the private economy, many welfare programs could be curtailed or cut back. Corporate resistance to increasing the minimum wage is a good example of corporate irresponsibility.

Corporations like Wal-mart and McDonald's have taken their greed to an extreme and have developed corporate models that depend on government welfare programs like food stamps, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).

Human beings may well be unable to break free of the dictatorship of greed that spreads like a miasma over the world, but no longer will we be an inarticulate and ignorant humanity, confused by our enslavement to superior cruelty and weaponry. --Alice Walker

see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Recession

see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Us_recessions
 


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Thursday, July 31, 2014

Veterans Disability Strategy


Many vets become aware of medical conditions that appear to be service connected. Often the vet will walk into the local Veteran Affairs  Regional Office and bring a physicians letter with them hoping to be awarded a disability rating in a few months.,

As most vets know, this approach will  usually results in a denial.


38 CFR Pensions, Bonuses, And Veterans Relief

What vet should have done is first is to review 38 CFR, Part C and work with the physicians to define his or her disability in VA terms. 

Disjunctive v. conjunctive ratings


If the Vet has Diabetes Mellitus , he or she should check out The Endocrine System, 4.119 - Schedule of Ratings - Endocrine System

The vet would find these ratings for Diabetes Mellitus

7913     Diabetes mellitus

            Requiring more than one daily injection of insulin, restricted diet,
            and regulation of activities (avoidance of strenuous occupational
            and recreational activities) with episodes of ketoacidosis or
            hypoglycemic reactions requiring at least three hospitalizations per
            year or weekly visits to a diabetic care provider, plus either
            progressive loss of weight and strength or complications that
            would be compensable if separately evaluated     100

            Requiring insulin, restricted diet, and regulation of activities with
            episodes of ketoacidosis or hypoglycemic reactions requiring one
            or two hospitalizations per year or twice a month visits to a diabetic
            care provider, plus complications that would not be compensable
            if separately evaluated     60

            Requiring insulin, restricted diet, and regulation of activities     40

            Requiring insulin and restricted diet, or; oral hypoglycemic agent
            and restricted diet     20
   
Manageable by restricted diet only     10
         
Note (1): Evaluate compensable complications of diabetes separately unless they are part of the criteria used to support a 100 percent evaluation. Noncompensable complications are considered part of the diabetic process under diagnostic code 7913.

Note (2): When diabetes mellitus has been conclusively diagnosed, do not request a glucose tolerance test solely for rating purposes.


Pay close attention to the notes and be aware that Diabetes Mellitus is rated conjucntivley. To be be rated 40 per cent, you have to meet all of the examples for the 10 and 20 per cent ratings as well.

Some endocrine rating are rating disjunctively. The top level ratings are inclusive of the lower level such as  DC 7903 which addresses Hypothyroidism 


7903 Hypothyroidism

Cold intolerance, muscular weakness, cardiovascular involvement,
mental disturbance (dementia, slowing of thought, depression),
bradycardia (less than 60 beats per minute), and sleepiness 100

Muscular weakness, mental disturbance, and weight gain 60

Fatigability, constipation, and mental sluggishness 30

Fatigability, or; continuous medication required for control 10


In The UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR VETERANS CLAIMS (USCAVC), NO . 07-2728 DIANNE C. TATUM , APPELLANT (2009) argued successfully for a higher rating.  The USCAVC ruling explains disjunctive ratings.

The USCAVC agreed with Ms. Tatum on her entitlement to a higher disability rating. The USCAVC noted that all of the examples in DC 7903 did not need to be present for a higher level rating. The USCAVC said that the higher level examples in DC 7903 were inclusive of the lower level examples. 
Because this case was decided by a a panel of three judges, it is binding to the VA. 
Therefore, hypthyrodism is rated  disjunctively, unlike daibetes mellitus. 

 

Letters v. Disability benefits questionnaires


A veteran can get a letter from a a physicians, but Rightardia recommends the new Disability Benefits Questionnaires (DBQ) which provide more comprehensive information to the VA .

Below is a link to VA DBQs. 

it is important the physician check the box that indicates the Service Medical Records (SMR) have been reviewed. How can the physician connect the medical condition to service in the armed forces with reviewing the SMRs that the veteran should provide to the physician? 

After the SMRs are reviewed the physician should be able to write a nexus statement that connects the vet's medical condition to his or her service. This needs to be added as a remark to the DBQ,

Rightardia recommends you get a minimum of two DBQs: one from the primary care physician and one from a specialist. You should probably get a specialist diagnosis first that your primary car physicians will review before he or she completes their DBQ.


If the DBQ provides sufficient evidence, the VA may waive Compensation and Pension exam. Rightardia considers these exams redundant. Initially, the C&P doctors were funded to help indigent vets who couldn't get a private practice exam. Then the VA then required all vets to complete these exams which are often superfluous if a DBQ has been submitted.

 

Get the right attorney


Some legal firms will coach vets off the record on how to pass C&P exams and charge a fee. Rightrdia considers this unethical and unnecessary, If you get a proposal like this from an attorney, report the firm to the VAOIG.

If you need an attorney, use Avvo.com to find a top rated attorney on VA or military law in your locality. 

If you need some prepping for a C&P exams, you may want to peruse some of the VA physician and clinician guides. Most of these are older documents, but they are the most current Rightardia could find.

Disability Worksheets

Clinicians's Guide

CLINICIAN’S GUIDE MARCH 2002

Amazon: Old Physician's Guide

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Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Did slavery ever end in the US?



Many of people who came to US in the pre-colonial era were slaves. There were blacks who were forcibly brought to the US from Africa and white indentured servants.  Some of these indentured servants were prisoners and others were kidnapped. Many had 5-year terms but their contracts were bought and sold,  and some indentures never attained freedom.

The people who moved in the New England states and those in the South were different. One of the first people to chronicle the new nation was Alexis de Toqueville:
Caricature by Honoré Daumier, 1849.

The men sent to Virginia were seekers of gold, adventurers without resources and without character, whose turbulent and restless spirit endangered the infant colony ... Artisans and agriculturalists arrived afterwards...hardly in any respect above the level of the inferior classes in England. No lofty views, no spiritual conception presided over the foundation of these new settlements. The colony was scarcely established when slavery was introduced; this was the capital fact which was to exercise an immense influence on the character, the laws and the whole future of the South. Slavery...dishonors labor; it introduces idleness into society, and with idleness, ignorance and pride, luxury and distress.  .  . On this same English foundation there developed in the North very different character.

After the civil war, the US experienced the rise of the monopolists. Men like JP Morgan and John D Rockefeller controlled vast parts of the US economy with trusts. Many corporations has private armies of Pinkertons that patrolled factories to keep workers under control. There were many union riots after the Civil War and the government often used the army or national guard to suppress the strikes..

Striking workers in tent camps were even machine gunned. We celebrate Labor Day because of the infamous Pullman Strike of 1894. Thirty strikers were killed and 57 were wounded. Not really a cause for workers to celebrate.

The rise of labor and the trust busting efforts of Theodore Roosevelt and other progressives broke up the huge trusts. A middle class began to emerge in the US.

However, with the exception of Woodrow Wilson,the GOP controlled the White House up to the Great Depression and the election of the other Roosevelt, Franklin Delano.

After the allies were victorious  in World War 2, the New Deal continued. A housing and  education boom was stimulated by Veteran Administration benefits. Seniors could now enter into their golden years without fear of poverty, courtesy of Social security.


US public education was perhaps the best in the world at this time. One of three workers in the US was in a union. Only about one in 30 Americans was wealthy because Roosevelt funded the war with taxes on the affluent. He had no choice. This was the best of times for the middle class and their children, the Baby Boomers.


Then John F. Kennedy started fiddling with the income tax rate for top earning Americans.

This was when the New Deal started to unravel. Ronald Reagan finished the job when he cut the top tax rate to 28 per cent. These cuts fractured the middle class. Because of the draconian income  tax cuts, Reagan had to subsequently raise taxes 11 or 12 times.

Women also had to leave home and take jobs to make ends meet. Another wave of feminism began in the workplace. Schools and the public infrastructure started a long decline due to cuts in federal spending while defense spending increased.

So the best of times that started about 1946 and continued until about 1980. The US had a strong middle class, strong unions, an improved infrastructure and good public school system.

The big events that probably brought down the Democratic party were the Civil Rights Acts of the mid-sixties and the Vietnam War.

Southern Democrats called Dixiecrats left the Democratic party. Many retired and other became Republicans during the next 10 years These Dixiecrats had more to do with the rise of the GOP in the South than anything the Republicans did politically, contrary to the musings of Newt Gingrich. 

LBJ thought it would take the Democratic Party 10 years to recover, but it was closer to three decades.

The economic situation the South is still Topsy Turvy after 150 years  As the Daily Kos has written, the South has become one big poverty belt.


Slavery continued to exist in the US on plantations until the 1950s. The southern elite played poor working class whites against blacks, suggesting that the poor white's economic conditions were caused by black welfare programs rather than by the unequal income distribution in the southland.

Unions were kept out of the south and right to work laws were passed to repress workers. Essentially, slavery never really ended in the land of low wages, the south.

The old plantation owners were the basis of new white elite. Poor whites still operated the slave patrols for their corporate owners . Blacks became the bogeymen in this region, the cause of all that ailed the south. Jim Crow laws were passed to suppress black votes.

The conservatives have maintained control of the south since before the Civil War. It's the conservative politics that are largely to blame for the southern poverty today.

Rightardia has seen countless surveys in which the southern and red states lag behind the blue states. Education attainment, teen pregnancy, VD rates, food stamp use, and income levels all lag behind other regions of the country.

It if wasn't for food stamps.other welfare programs and  military payrolls in the red states, the region would even be more depressed.

Democrats know that the most of the red states are recipient states who receive more in federal funds form the government than they pay in taxes. 

Have things really changed in the south from the Ante Bellum era?

It seems there is still the same three tiers of owners, white indentured workers and marginalized black men and women.

sources: 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indentured_servant

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexis_de_Toqueville

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2014/07/02/1311236/-The-South-is-America-s-poverty-belt-and-Republicans-want-to-make-all-of-America-more-like-the-South

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pullman_strike

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Thursday, July 24, 2014

How to stop telemarketers cold.



In the past telemarketers hounded my home day and night. Registered with the the National Do Not Call Registry and also installed a CPR Call blocker. It got great reviews on Amazon.com and it was worth the wait for the UK shipment.

In the last couple of months, the telemarketer calls started again. This time the calls came in as "unavailable" and with phone numbers starting with a "V." The CPR Call blocker has some  codes you can enter into your phone after the call terminates to block that last call.

So I started blocking these bogus calls, but the telemarketer onslaught continued.

Did some research and found that the local telephone company has star (*) codes you can enter on your phone to block anonymous calls. Star (*) 77 works on the both the BrightHouse and Verizon phone networks.
 BrightHouse Star phone codes

Each phone company has different codes. These are the codes for Verizon.

Verizon Star phone codes

Also discovered that the State of Florida has a Do Not Call Registry as well. You can register both you landline and cell phone on the national and Florida Do not call registries.



These registries do not block charities, political calls or businesses that you have and established relationship with. There are other exceptions as well. The national do Not Call Registry will last lifetime and as long as you don't a change your phone number or move. The FL state registry is good for 5 years. 

If you want to stop telemarketers cold, fist use you phone's star codes to block anonymous calls. register your phones with both the state and national Do Not Call registries and purchase a call blocker for your home phone. The CPT call blocker, for example, has many blacklisted phone numbers already built into it and it can block an additional 1000 numbers.

Some phones have call blocking technology built into them. My Panasonic DECT 6.0 plus wireless phone can block up to 30 calls and that may do the trick if you only get an occasional unwanted call.

You can stop telemarketers cold by enabling the anonymous call block feature with you phone company. That's  *77 for both BH and Verizon. Turn on both the FL and national Do Not Call registries. Purchase a call blocker phone system that will allow you to black the occasional local that slips through your telemarketer defense system.

Some phones have the call block feature built into them.

So far so good. Only two unwanted calls today and one was political.


 
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Tuesday, July 15, 2014

The Gangsta' of Capitlaism

 Some  things change slowly. 

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Friday, July 4, 2014

Is the aquarium hobby expensive?

Many people stay away from aquariums because they consider the hobby to be too expensive.  it can be expensive if you go to a pet store and buy a new aquarium stand, filter, food pumps,  and accessories. There are also ways to have an an aquarium at low cost.

The low cost solution  is buy a used aquarium. You can find them in the classified ads and Craig List. Many aquariaists move or the partner dies who maintains the aquarium. Often the person who is selling the aquarium is just looking for a good home for their fish. Used aquariums can be purchased for a small percentage or the original cost, often around 10 per cent.

Often apartment managers will find abandoned aquariums when people move out with live fish in them. They will call aquarium stores to remove the aquariums and fish. Many of these stores sell used aquariums and related equipment.

This hobby is more for the homebody, Just like any other pet such as a cat or a dog, the fish must be cared for when you go on a long trip or a vacation. However, you can't put fish in a kennels. Someone must come into you home to check the tank, add water and feed the fish if you haven't purchased an auto- feeder.

The first question is what kind of aquarium do you want,fresh or salt water? Salt water are more expensive and somewhat harder to maintain. However, the salt water fish,invertebrates and corals are more colorful and interesting. Some saltwater reefs tanks are spectacular.
 freshwater cichlid

Salt water fish are  more colorful, but there are some fresh water species that rival the saltwater fish. There are some genetically engineered species that rival the saltwater colors. 


Fresh water species: the Cardinal and genetically engineered fish that glow in the dark

Salt water fish provide a riot of color. The invertebrates are also interesting: starfish, crabs, soft corals and anemones to name a few. A saltwater reef tank can be a site to behold


salt water reef tank

So assuming you have been able to find a low cost used aquarium system, where do you go from here? You may want to hire an aquarium specialist or tech to help you set up the tank, particularly if it is salt water. 

You can use tap water in a fresh water aquarium as long as you add a dechlorinator to the water such as Amquel when you fill the tank. In general it a good idea to let fresh water stand for at least 72 hours when you fill the new tank. The other alternative is to try an salvage as much s the old aquarium water as possible and fill the tanks with the original water. Slowly introduce the new water from the tap and add the dechlorinater.

The best water to use in either saltwater or freshwater aquarium is reverse osmosis (RO) water, rain water or distilled. Fish will often breed after you introduce rain water into an aquarium. Use a large cone funnel with a paint filter to filter the rain water before you put it in the tank.

Have also used filtered rain water in salt water tanks, too, with no ill affect. Hoverer, RO water is what most aquarium people and techs use. Distilled water can also be used in a saltwater tank. 

When you purchase a used tank you will get a lot of accessories such as pumps,water filters, nets, chemicals and test kits. One thing not to skim on is fish food. Some of the better brands are Hikari and Spectrum.  Goldfish food is not recommended for fresh or saltwater fish.  

Aquarium filters are important because they keep the water clear. Fresh water filter filter often  hang on the top of the tanks thee are also sealed units that fit under tanks. These filter are generally not suitable for salt water tanks. Most salt water tanks use a sump under the tank for filtration.

Fresh water filters

Salt water aquarium sump

Lights are very important for an aquarium.In general a fresh water aquarium will do well with fluorescent grow lights. Hydroponic lights work fine and may be cheaper than aquarium lights. Such fixtures uses T8 fluorescents in the 6500k-7000k (Kelvin)range. 

You can use T8 fluorescent lighting the 10,000K to 20,000K ranges but halogen lights are more commonly used in saltwater aquariums. Halogen lights are hot and should be suspended above the aquarium rather than used under an aquarium hood when possible. 

A better option for a salt water tank is the new LED lights. Radion lights are great, but expensive. There are lights on Amazon an Ebay that are far less expensive. Aquamana and LG-LED Solutions and make good lights. Bought a LG-LED array on Ebay that costs about $90.

Make sure the LED light has 120 degree or 90 degree LEDS and also check the surface area that the light can cover. Some of these lights can be daisy changed which reduces the number of plugs into receptacles.

New LED aquarium lights

If you want an aquarium in your home, you have been provided some options to keep the costs down.  Buy a used setup, not new. Use filtered rainwater to keep the water costs down. Buy the new and less expensive LED lights to brighten your aquarium.


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Thursday, July 3, 2014

Purchasing a secure router on the Internet can be risky



Take care where you purchase a router with improved security firmware. 

I use a DD-WRT router in my home to keep hackers at bay, both white hat and black hat.

Some  black hat hackers in Estonia developed DNSChanger malware that changes the DNS addresses and routers to rogue DNS servers that redirect your web queries to spoofed financial and retail sites to harvest credit card numbers and bank account passwords.

The white hat hackers who work for the government think they are protecting America by bugging routers and watching your email and Internet posts on Facebook.

In the past most of these white hats worked for NSA. Today with the advent of Homeland Security, local law enforcement has also gotten into the white hat fray. These locals are the people who concern Rightardia.

Expedited delivery? 


After the DD-WRT router started acting up, two Tomato routers were ordered form SunnyVIOP in Watertown,NY. The router was picked up by Fedex on Monday at 3:01 pm.

Most Amazon orders arrive in two to three days. Expected the routers  would be delivered today (Thursday) because Rightardia paid more that $16 for expedited delivery.

Yet, the Fedex tracker claimed the router wouldn't be delivered until the following Monday because the delivery would be completed through the Fedex' SmartPost, the US Postal service.

SmartPost sounds like a bad idea.  It should be called DumbPost.

Does this sound strange that a  router would take more than three more working days to be be delivered from Orlando which is less than 1.5 hours from Palm Harbor?

According to Ed Snowden, the government has been bugging IT equipment. In
view of the long delivery time, it is likely the Tomato routers will have NSA backdoors in them for government purposes.

Apparently, the government is bugging home routers, too.

Plan to RMA the routers back to  SunnyVOIP in Watertown,NY because the units will have been compromised by the time they arrive. If the government can hack my routers, so can the black hats.

This is the main reason I don't use MS Windows, the Swiss cheese of operating systems (OS). The government pays MS big bucks for MS to engineer back doors into their OS.

Looks like I will have to buy some new routers locally and roll my own by upgrading them with Tomato firmware.


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Tuesday, July 1, 2014

More on router malware that hacks Gmail and installs bogus passwords in your browser.


Rightardia reported earlier that both the Linksys and Netgear routers can be infected with malware that is called DNSChanger and is supposedly a variant of Zlob malware.   The Linksys router was a WND3700V4 that had been flashed with DD-WRT firmware, that is supposed to be more secure than commercial firmware.

Rightardia changed the password in the router. This did not fix the problem. Also tried port forwarding by redirecting port 80 to port 8080. That didn't work either.

Virus scans on all of the PC in the network followed. The malware infection was surprising because our network is Linux based, Today we discovered something interesting.

We use a password browser plugin for password manager that saves the passwords to the Linux Mint home directory. The same password manager account is used by both browsers. Use this plugin in both the FireFox and the Chrome browser. Oddly the password manager for the FireFox browser worked, but not in Chrome.


Decided to check the browser's passwords. I found no problems in Chrome but Mozilla's FireFox was different matter. Had two passwords that shouldn't be there. One password was for Gmail which the password manger uses to authenticate. The other password was for the router at IP address 192.168.1.1. Both used the bogus password d6nw5v1x2pc7st9m.

Neither bogus password worked with Gmail or the router. However  had changed the router password long ago and then immediately changed my Gmail password today. it is possible that hackers have developed a technique to piggy back of of existing passwords with a secondary password.


Check your browser's saved passwords in Firefox' Settings | Security.

Recommend you delete the bogus passwords form your 'saved passwords" list. Also, change both your router's password and Gmail password if you you find any extra browser passwords. Also recommend changing the router's IP address form 192.168.1.1 to another address on your 192.168.1.0 network.

Disable web GUI management and  require HTTPS (secure) connections to your router for configuration changes.

This malware MO suggests the router malware is used to create a botnet. In a botnet, the"zombie master"  hacker will direct the 1000's of bots to ping a certain IP address that results in a denial of service attack (DDOS).

So far my router and Internet is functioning normal.

Knock on wood!  

The hacker that invented the router exploit must quite exceptional. Very ingenious.

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  Creative Commons License

Rightardia by Rightard Whitey of Rightardia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at rightardia@gmail.com.